In the last few days, AirMap and other companies across the drone industry successfully demonstrated an implementation of standard ASTM WK65041 (Remote ID and Tracking) to support the identification of drones by law enforcement and citizens across various use cases and flight scenarios in the United States and Switzerland.
On September 12, in San Bruno, California, a live demonstration took place in controlled airspace using LAANC and featured industry participants from AirMap, AiRXOS (part of GE Aviation), ANRA Technologies, CNN, Flite Test, Kittyhawk.io, Uber, UASidekick, Wing, and Skyward, a Verizon company.
And on September 16, in Bern, Switzerland, a live demonstration organized in partnership with the Swiss U-Space Implementation (SUSI) team, a collaborative effort between the Swiss Federal Office of Civil Aviation (FOCA), skyguide, the Swiss Air Navigation Service Provider, and a group of industry stakeholders took place. Skyguide, in partnership with AirMap, ANRA Technologies, Involi, Orbitalize, and Wing, demonstrated several remote ID use cases involving multiple drone operations and Swiss federal and local law enforcement agencies. The demonstration showed how drone operations can be identified by the authorities, if needed, while still protecting the operator’s right to privacy.
In one scenario, multiple UAS were operating in the same airspace volume and a curious citizen sought to know more about a fast-moving UAS as it passed by. The remote ID display application revealed that the fast-moving aircraft was making a delivery and offered a URL to provide additional information. Even though the UAS was no longer within visual line-of-sight, the citizen could still successfully access general information about the operation, thanks to the interoperable data exchange provided by the ASTM standard across multiple participating UAS Service Suppliers (USS) like AirMap.
In another use case, a model aircraft hobbyist used the AirMap for Drones pilot application to obtain a recreational LAANC approval to fly in controlled airspace while an interested observer used a remote ID display application to learn more about the model aircraft organization and the LAANC process. This was made possible by the ASTM standard, which does not require that an operator have specific aircraft equipage to be remotely identified when he or she flies with LAANC in controlled airspace.
Different USS were able to exchange data via the Linux Foundation’s open-source InterUSS Platform™. The InterUSS Platform implemented the Discovery and Synchronization Service (DSS) defined in the proposed ASTM Standard.
The ASTM remote ID standard is the result of a consensus among 35 regulatory and industry organizations to provide a flexible and scalable way to remotely identify drones while protecting operator privacy. The standard enables USSs or USPs to share information only when necessary and ensures interoperability between all participants for both network and broadcast methods. Under the standard, USSs or USPs make data available only when a display user makes a request, and the display user only receives the data for the specific, size-limited area of the request. Limiting the area makes it difficult for third parties to broadly aggregate operator information or derive information about drone operators’ customers.
AirMap has been actively contributing to the development of the ASTM network Remote ID standard since its inception. Last December, AirMap demonstrated remote ID on the InterUSS Platform with Wing and Kittyhawk.io.
To support the demonstrations in San Bruno and Bern, AirMap successfully deployed all core components of the ASTM remote ID standard implementation including a DSS node, a Remote ID Service and Display Provider Service, as well as an Augmented Reality-powered Remote ID Display functionality to participating observers using the AirMap for Drones mobile application in both locations.
Once the service is launched, operators can choose to participate in the remote ID capability by opting in to this feature using the AirMap for Drones mobile app. Flight plans and telemetry are then being made available to the network according to the standard.
Remote ID is essential to the advancement of the drone industry because it allows for safety, accountability, and transparency for all stakeholders. Last week and this week’s demonstrations showed that ASTM network remote ID works and is available today to the drone industry with minimal government infrastructure investment. AirMap is proud to be a contributor in operationalizing the remote ID standard globally.